was not a monarchy, but a free City, and they had made up their minds to open
their gates even to an enemy sooner than to a king. It was the universal wish that whatever put an
end to liberty in the City should put an end to the City itself.” – Livy, The
History of Rome, Book 2
Poplicola overcame Roman distrust and Etruscan aggression to set the young
Republic onto firm foundations.Aristagoras’ failed attempt to capture the island of Naxos led to open
warfare between Greece and Persia.
“The Athenians, when ruled by tyrants, were no better in war
than their neighbors, but freed from tyrants they were far superior.This shows that when they were constrained
they let themselves be defeated, since they were working for an overlord, but
when they were freed each one was keen to do the deed for himself.” - Herodotus
Spartan destruction, the Athenians were forced to defend their new democracy
against the Thebans and Chalsidians.Shocked by a horrific crime, the Romans followed the guidance of Brutus,
exiled Tarquin the Proud and declared their first Republic.