Episode 34 - Democracy and Republic, Part 2
“The Athenians, when ruled by tyrants, were no better in war than their neighbors, but freed from tyrants they were far superior. This shows that when they were constrained they let themselves be defeated, since they were working for an overlord, but when they were freed each one was keen to do the deed for himself.” - Herodotus
Delivered from Spartan destruction, the Athenians were forced to defend their new democracy against the Thebans and Chalsidians. Shocked by a horrific crime, the Romans followed the guidance of Brutus, exiled Tarquin the Proud and declared their first Republic.